A Dark Period

Fig. 9
Fig. 10

Between 1940 and 1945, Hallervorden and Spatz (Fig. 9) became involved in the atrocities of the Nazi regime by studying the brains of euthanasia victims.[7] For many years, brain sections from these studies remained archived in our institute (which by then had become the Max Planck Institute for Brain Research in Frankfurt am Main) together with research material from other periods. When this was recognized, all sections dating from the period 1933-1945 were given a burial at a Munich cemetery by the Max Planck Society in 1990. A memorial stone was erected in honor of the victims of these atrocities (Fig. 10).

More recently, (former) Directors of the Max Planck Institute for Brain Research realised that this history is not fully dealt with. For the recent developments, please visit this website.

Fig. 9: Left: Julius Hallervorden (1882-1965); right: Hugo Spatz (1888-1969)

Fig. 10: Memorial stone erected by the Max Planck Society in honor of the Nazis' victims whose brains had been studied in the KWI for Brain Research